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constructivists

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constructivists

Post by caffeine needed on Tue Sep 18, 2012 6:21 pm

People built on the work of Piaget and Dewey.

Key names : Kant , Dewey, Piaget, Brunner, Holt

Key Concepts
Learning is a continuous process of building on existing knowledge.
Learner constructs a model or schemata of reality - new knowledge is added by amending the schema.

"Learning involves a process of individual transformation" (Jolly 2004)

Often based on/linked to theories of cognition - especially those of Piaget but more recent 'brain -based learning' also influential.

The work that Piaget, and later Brunner and Holt, did on constructivist learning suggests that children learn through integrating what they already know with new experiences.


Whilst Piaget suggests that children need to have reached a particular stage to grasp a concept Brunner believed that it was possible to explain any concept to a child of any age if it was done in the right way. In particular Brunner was interested in the concept of the spiral curriculum where depth of knowledge is built up over the course of a child's life in school. Each learning experience should involve three stages:

1. Readiness
2. Appropriate instruction
3. Facilitating extrapolation (encouraging the child to talk about what has just been learnt and to start to understand more than was taught)
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